How do nations struggle with mass violence and the rule of law? How do communities work to achieve reconciliation, repair dispossession, and remember those lost? Genocide and mass violence, past and present, raise all of these complex concerns and more.
The beginning of the Nanjing Atrocities occurred with the Imperial Japanese Army’s occupation of the then capital city of China, Nanjing. These images capture the early days of the military occupation as well as offer a geographic orientation to the city confines.
In December 1916, Lieutenant Said Ahmed Mukhtar al-Ba’aj, an Ottoman officer, and Arab Muslim soldier who defected to the Russian Army testified about his role in the deportation of Armenians from Trebizond and Erzerum.